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Livingstone's Letter from Bambarre

A Multispectral Critical Edition

All letter images and text published by permission of Peter and Nejma Beard. Licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. ©2010

*Beta Edition, 2010
*First Edition, 2011

 
Critical Bibliography
Note: Livingstone letters are listed by date of composition. For published letters, original date of composition is given first in square brackets, followed by date of publication.
Afkami, Amir A. 1998. "Disease and Water Supply: The Case of Cholera in 19th Century Iran." In Transformation of Middle Eastern Natural Environments: Legacies and Lessons, ed. Jeff Albert, Magnus Bernhardsson, and Roger Kenna, 206-220. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Altick, Richard. 1973. Victorian People and Ideas. New York: Norton.
Baker, Samuel White. 1873-74. "The Khedive of Egypt’s Expedition to Central Africa." Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 18, no. 5: 50-69.
Baker, Samuel White. 1874. Ismailïa: A Narrative of the Expedition to Central Africa for the Suppression of the Slave Trade. 2 vols. London: Macmillan.
Blaikie, William Garden. 1880. The Personal Life of David Livingstone. London: John Murray.
Boone, Olga. 1961. Carte Ethnique du Congo: Quart Sud-Est. Tervuren: Musee Royal de L’Afrique.
Bridges, Roy. 1968. "The Sponsorship and Financing of Livingstone’s Last Journey." African Historical Studies 1, no. 1: 79-104.
Bridges, Roy. 1976a. "W. D. Cooley, the RGS and African Geography in the Nineteenth Century: Part I: Cooley's Contribution to the Geography of Eastern Africa." The Geographical Journal 142, no. 1: 27-47.
Bridges, Roy. 1976b. "W. D. Cooley, the RGS and African Geography in the Nineteenth Century: Part II: Cooley's Attitudes and Achievements." The Geographical Journal 142, no. 2: 274-286.
Bridges, Roy. 2004. "Cooley, William Desborough (1795?–1883)." In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Online ed. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/6201 (accessed 8 May 2010).
Bridges, Roy. 2007. "William Desborough Cooley 1795-1883." Geographers Bibliographical Studies 27: 43-62.
Brodie, Fawn. 1967. The Devil Drives: A Life of Sir Richard Burton. London: Eland.
Burton, Isabel. 1869. "The Sources of the Nile. To the Editor of the Times." The Times, 13 Nov., 7.
Burton, Richard Francis. 1860. The Lake Regions of Central Africa: A Picture of Exploration. 2 vols. London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts. 
Burton, Richard Francis, and James M’Queen. 1864. The Nile Basin. London: Tinsley Brothers.
Callahan, Gerald N. 2003. "Eating Dirt." Emerging Infectious Diseases 9, no. 8 (Aug.). http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol9no8/03-0033.htm (accessed 27 May 2010).
Catalogue of Valuable Printed Books Americana Autograph Letters and Historical Documents. 28 Nov 1966. London: Sotheby.
Catania, Charles. 2002. Andrea De Bono: Maltese Explorer On The White Nile. Leicestershire: Upfront.
Clendennen, G.W., and I.C. Cunningham. 1979. David Livingstone: A Catalogue of Documents. Edinburgh: National Library of Scotland.
Cooley, W.D. 1864. "On the Travels of Portuguese and Others in Inner Africa." Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 8, no. 6: 255-56.
C[ooley], W. D. 1869. "Dr. Livingstone. To the Editor of the Times." The Times, 7 Sept., 8.   
Cornet, René. 1955. Maniema: Le Pays des Mangeurs d’Hommes. 2nd ed. Bruxelles: Editions L. Cuypers.
Coupland, Reginald. 1968. The Exploitation of East Africa 1856-1890: The Slave Trade and the Scramble. 2nd ed. London: Faber & Faber.
De Bono, Andrea. 1862. "Voyage au Fleuve Blanc, en 1861." Nouvelles Annales des Voyages 175, no. 3: 5-38.
Dickens, Charles. 1839. The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby. London: Chapman & Hall.
Doyle, Shane. 2006. Crisis and Decline in Bunyoro. Oxford: James Currey.
Fisher, A.B. 1911. Twilight Tales of the Black Baganda. London: Marshall Brothers.
Flint, Lawrence S. 2003. "State-Building in Central Southern Africa: Citizenship and Subjectivity in Barotseland and Caprivi." The International Journal of African Historical Studies 36, no. 2: 393-428.
Gelfand, Michael. 1957. Livingstone the Doctor, His Life and Travels: A Study in Medical History. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Grant, James Augustus. 1872. "Summary of Observations on the Geography, Climate, and Natural History of the Lake Region of Equatorial Africa, Made by the Speke and Grant Expedition, 1860-63." Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 42: 243-342.
Gray, Richard. 1961. A History of the Southern Sudan 1839-1889. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Helly, Dorothy O. 1987. Livingstone’s Legacy: Horace Waller and Victorian Mythmaking. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.
Helly, Dorothy O. 2008. "Waller, Horace (1833–1896)." In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Online ed. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/28558 (accessed 8 May 2010). Originally published in 2004.
Henderson, Lawrence W. 1979. Angola: Five Centuries of Conflict. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Herodotus. 1987. The History. Trans. David Grene. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hill, Richard. 1959. Egypt in the Sudan 1820-1881. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Holmes, Timothy. 1993. Journey to Livingstone: Exploration of an Imperial Myth. Edinburgh: Canongate.
Hunter, John M. 1973. "Geophagy in Africa and in the United States: A Culture-Nutrition Hypothesis." Geographical Review 63, no. 2 (Apr.): 170-95.
Jeal, Tim. 1973. Livingstone. London: Heinemann.
Johnston, Harry. 1902. The Uganda Protectorate. 2 vols. London: Hutchinson.
Kaggwa, Apolo. 1971. The Kings of Buganda. Trans. and ed. M.S.M. Kiwanuka. Nairobi: EAPH.
Kiwanuka, M.S.M. 1972. A History of Buganda from the Foundation of the Kingdom to 1900. New York: Africana Publishing.
K. W. [Tito Gabafusa Winyi]. 1937. "The Kings of Bunyoro-Kitara. Part III." Uganda Journal 5, no. 2: 53-69.
Livingstone, David. 1857. Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa. London: John Murray.
Livingstone, David. 1866-68. Astronomical Observations. 27 Mar. 1866 – 22 Dec. 1868. Educational Resource Service Headquarters, Hamilton, Scotland.
Livingstone, David. 1866-72. Journal. 28 Jan. 1866 – 5 Mar. 1872. Flat Box 4. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre.
Livingstone, David. [1868a] 1869-70. Letter to John Kirk. 8 July 1868. In Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 14, no. 1: 8.
Livingstone, David. [1868b] n.d. Letter to Thomas Maclear. 8 July 1868. In Livingstone Online. http://www.livingstoneonline.ucl.ac.uk/view/sidebyside.php?id=LETT2072&page=1r (accessed 27 May 2010).
Livingstone, David. [1868c] 1869-70. Letter to the Earl of Clarendon. July 1868. In Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 14, no. 1: 8-12.
Livingstone, David. [1869a] n.d. Letter to John Kirk or Robert Playfair. 30 May 1869. Livingstone Online. Forthcoming.
Livingstone, David. [1869b] 1880. Letter to Thomas Livingstone. 24 Sept. 1869. In The Personal Life of David Livingstone, by William Garden Blaikie, 394-97. London: John Murray.
Livingstone, David. [1870a] 1879. Letter to John Livingstone. April 1870. In Life and Explorations of David Livingstone, by Anon., 473-81. Philadelphia: John E. Potter.
Livingstone, David [1870b] 1964. Letter to Robert Playfair and John Kirk. 2 Nov. 1870. In The Zambesi Doctors, ed. R. Foskett, 140-44. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Livingstone, David. [1870c] 1872. Letter to Lord Stanley. 15 Nov. 1870. In Parliamentary Papers 70, no. C-598: 1-5.
Livingstone, David. [1870d] 1873-74. Letter to H. Bartle E. Frere. 27 Nov. 1870. In Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 18, no. 3: 265-67.
Livingstone, David. [1870e] 1872. Letter to Lord Kinnaird. Nov. 1870. In Dundee Advertiser, 9 Aug., 5.
Livingstone, David. 1870-71a. Field Diary, fragments. 10 Oct. 1870 – 9 Sept. 1871. NLS MS. 10703. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh.
Livingstone, David. 1870-71b. Field Diary, fragments. 13 Oct 1870 – 11 Aug. 71. Museum Store K/5/3, 297a-297e. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre.
Livingstone, David. [1871a] 1872. Letter to the Earl of Clarendon. 1 Nov. 1871. In Parliamentary Papers 70, no. C-598: 7-10.
Livingstone, David. [1871b] 1872. Letter to Lord Granville. 14 Nov. 1871. In Parliamentary Papers 70, no. C-598: 10-15.
Livingstone, David. [1871c] 1872-73. Letter to Thomas Maclear and William Mann. 17 Nov. 1871. In Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 17, no. 1: 69-73.
Livingstone, David. 1871d. Letter to Horace Waller. Nov. 1871. Waller MSS. Afr.s.16/1.ff.173-74. Rhodes House Library, Oxford.
Livingstone, David. 1874. The Last Journals of David Livingstone in Central Africa, from 1865 to His Death. Ed. Horace Waller. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Livingstone, David, and Charles Livingstone. 1865. Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries. London: John Murray.
Maes, J., and O. Boone. 1935. Les Peuplades du Congo Belge: Nom et Situation Géographique. Bruxelles: Imprimerie Veuve Monnom.
McLynn, Frank. 1992. Hearts of Darkness: The European Exploration of Africa. London: Hutchinson.
McMullen, Michael D. 2009. "Kirk, Sir John (1832–1922)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Online ed. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/34336 (accessed 9 May 2010). Originally published 2004.
Newitt, Malyn. 1973. Portuguese Settlement on the Zambesi: Exploration, Land Tenure, and Colonial Rule in East Africa. London: Longman.
Newitt, Malyn. 1995. A History of Mozambique. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Nicholls, C.S. 1998. David Livingstone. Stroud: Sutton.
Northcott, Cecil. 1973. David Livingstone: His Triumph, Decline and Fall. Guildford: Lutterworth.
Nyakatura, John. 1973. Anatomy of an African Kingdom: A History of Bunyoro-Kitara. Trans. Godfrey N. Uzoigwe. Garden City, NY: Anchor.
Ofcansky, Thomas Paul. 2008. "Baker, Sir Samuel White (1821–1893)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Online ed. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/1135 (accessed 9 May 2010). Originally published 2004
Park, Mungo. 1799. Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa. London: W. Bulmer.
Ransford, Oliver. 1978. David Livingstone: The Dark Interior. London: John Murray.
Raucq, Paul. 1952. Notes de Géographie sur le Maniema. Bruxelles: Institut Royal Colonial Belge, Section des Sciences Naturelles et Médicales. 
Reefe, Thomas O. 1981. The Rainbow and the Kings: A History of the Luba Empire to 1891. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Reid, Richard J. 2002. Political Power in Pre-Colonial Buganda: Economy, Society & Warfare in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford: James Currey.
Roberts, Mary Nooter, and Allen F. Roberts. 1996. "Audacities of Memory." In Memory: Luba Art and the Making of History, ed. Mary Nooter Roberts and Allen F. Roberts, 17-47. New York: Museum for African Art.
Roscoe, J. 1911. The Baganda: An Account of their Native Customs and Beliefs. London: Macmillan.
Ross, Andrew C. 2002. David Livingstone: Mission and Empire. London: Hambledon & London. 
Seaver, George. 1957. David Livingstone: His Life and Letters. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Sheriff, Abdul. 1987. Slaves, Spices and Ivory in Zanzibar: Integration of an East African Commercial Empire into the World Economy, 1770-1873. Oxford: James Currey.
Simpson, Donald. 1976. Dark Companions: The African Contribution to the European Exploration of East Africa. London: Paul Elek.
Speke, John Hanning. 1863. Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons.
Stanley, Henry Morton. [1874-77] 1961. The Exploration Diaries of H.M. Stanley. Ed. Richard Stanley and Alan Neame. London: William Kimber.
Upper, Elizabeth. 2009. "David Livingstone: An Important Unpublished Letter from David Livingstone Shows the Great Explorer at His Lowest Ebb." Above Magazine (Dec.): 86-87. http://www.above-magazine.com/page/winter09 (accessed 9 June 2010).
Vansina, Jan. 1990. Paths in the Rainforests: Toward a History of Political Thought in Equatorial Africa. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Waller, Horace. 1869a. Letter to David Livingstone. 25 Oct. 1869. Waller MSS. Afr.s.16/1.ff.219-22. Rhodes House Library, Oxford.
Waller, Horace. 1869b. Letter to David Livingstone. 24 Nov. 1869. Waller MSS. Afr.s.16/1.ff.223-24. Rhodes House Library, Oxford.
Waller, Horace. 1869c. Envelope addressed to David Livingstone. 25 Nov. 1869. Waller MSS. Afr.s.16/8.ff.202. Rhodes House Library, Oxford. 
Wilson, Anne. 1972. "Long Distance Trade and the Luba Lomami Empire." Journal of African History 13: 575-89.
Wisnicki, Adrian S. 2009. "Interstitial Cartographer: David Livingstone and the Invention of South Central Africa." Victorian Literature and Culture 37: 255-71.
Wisnicki, Adrian S. 2010. "Rewriting Agency: Baker, Bunyoro-Kitara, and the Egyptian Slave Trade." Studies in Travel Writing 14, no. 1: 1-27. 
Young, E.D. 1868a. "Report of the Livingstone Search Expedition." Journal of the Royal Geographical Society. 38: 111-18.
Young, E.D. 1868b. The Search after Livingstone: A Diary Kept during the Investigation of His Reported Murder. London: Letts.
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